Old Town, Yazd

Overview and HistoryYazd is one of the oldest cities in the world. It dates back to before 3000BC when it was known as Ysatis, as part of the Medes Empire.

It has long been referred to as "the Pearl of the Desert" and from a distance it appears to have arisen from the sands like a living part of the desert -- which it is. It sits about 175 miles southeast of Isfahan in an oasis where the Dasht-e Kavir and Dasht-e Lut deserts meet.Because of its location away from other major capitals and in the harshness of desert environs, Yazd was avoided by major movements of armies and troops and the destruction they wrought.

Therefore the architecture and traditions in Yazd have remained in place across the centuries where elsewhere they were influenced and changed.Yazd was a refuge for artists, philosophers and scientists while Ghengis Khan invaded Persia in the 13th century.

Marco Polo visited in 1272 and described it as a good and noble city with fabulous silk production, the refinements of which you can still find in the marketplaces today.Yazd has been a center of Zoroastrian religion since after the Sassanid Dynasty (c.600AD).

Zoroastrians fled to Yazd during the Islamic conquest of Persia and only slowly did they integrate into Islam.The Zoroastrian heritage is preserved in Yazd at several locations. Two of the most important are the Tower of Silence and the Fire Temple. A fire has been burning continuously there since 470AD!Yazd is the driest city in Iran and the hottest city north of the Persian Gulf. Temperatures can easily surpass 40C in the summer.

There's an interesting architectural invention to alleviate the uncomfortable heat -- chimneys! Before electric powered air conditioners were invented people used tall windtowers called badgirs which act as air-vents to draw off some of the hot air from inside the living space. Smart.Yazd is mostly built with adobe and because of its climate, it has one of the largest networks of water storage and irrigation in the world

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HOTEL DAD

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Hotel Dad is located at the heart of historic city, Yazd. Among Yazd famous structures and establishments, Hotel Dad dates back to nearly a century ago. It decorates the legacy of an ambitious man, Haj Abdolkhalegh Dad who created this site in 1928.

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( Iranian Rial )
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( Euro )